2016 Republican Delegate Allocation Rules by State

Convention: State will bind delegates to the national convention at a state/territory convention. Other conventions will leave the delegation unbound.

Proportional: State will proportionally allocate delegates based either on the statewide primary/caucus vote or on the combination of the statewide and congressional district votes. 

Proportional with Trigger: State will follow above proportional rules but allows for a winner-take-all allocation if a candidate wins a majority of the vote statewide or at the congressional district level.

Hybrid: State will follow some form of winner-take-more plan (i.e.: winner-take-all by congressional district) or directly elects delegates on the primary ballot.

Winner-take-all: State will award all delegates to the plurality winner of the primary or caucus.


Asterisks [*] indicate that there is more nuance to the rules than can be condensed to tabular form. When in doubt, read the full discussion of the state's plan by following the link in the table. 

Detailed 2016 Republican Delegate Allocation
StateContest DateContest TypeNumber of DelegatesAllocation MethodQualifying Threshold1 Winner-take-All Threshold2Backdoor Winner-Take-All3Number of Ballots Bound4Winner's Rounding5Pooled Delegates6
IowaFeb. 1caucus30proportionalnonenoneno1st*noyes
New HampshireFeb. 9primary23proportional10%nonenoUntil releaseyesyes
South CarolinaFeb. 20primary50hybridn/an/an/a1st*n/ano
NevadaFeb. 23caucus30proportionalnonenonenon/anoyes
StateContest DateContest TypeNumber of DelegatesAllocation MethodQualifying Threshold1Winner-take-All Threshold2Backdoor Winner-Take-All3Number of Ballots Bound4Winner's Rounding5Pooled Delegates6
AlabamaMarch 1primary50hybrid20%50%yesUntil release*yes*no
AlaskaMarch 1caucus28proportional13%noneyes2nd*yesyes
ArkansasMarch 1primary40hybrid15%50%no1styes*no
ColoradoMarch 1caucus37unbound*n/an/an/a*n/an/a
GeorgiaMarch 1primary76hybrid20%50%yes1styesno
MassachusettsMarch 1primary42proportional5%noneyes1styesyes
MinnesotaMarch 1caucus38proportional10%85%yes1styesno
OklahomaMarch 1primary43hybrid15%50%yesn/an/ano
TennesseeMarch 1primary58hybrid20%67%yes2ndyesno
TexasMarch 1primary155hybrid20%50%no2nd*yesno
VermontMarch 1primary16hybrid20%50%yes1styesyes
VirginiaMarch 1primary49proportionalnonenoneno1stnoyes
WyomingMarch 1caucus29unbound*n/an/an/a*n/ano
KansasMarch 5caucus40proportional10%nonenoUntil releasedyesno
KentuckyMarch 5caucus46proportional5%noneno1stnoyes
LouisianaMarch 5primary46proportional20%noneno1stnono
MaineMarch 5caucus23proportional10%50%yes1styesyes
HawaiiMarch 8caucus19proportionalnonenoneno1styesno
IdahoMarch 8primary32hybrid20%50%yes1stn/ayes
MichiganMarch 8primary59hybrid15%*50%yes1styesyes
MississippiMarch 8primary40proportional15%50%*yesUntil released*nono
Virgin IslandsMarch 10caucus9directly electedn/an/an/a1stn/ano
Washington, DCMarch 12convention19proportional15%*50%yes1stnoyes
FloridaMarch 15primary99winner-take-alln/an/an/a3rdn/ayes
IllinoisMarch 15primary69hybridn/an/ano1st*n/ano
MissouriMarch 15primary52hybridn/a50%n/a1stn/ano
Northern MarianasMarch 15caucus9winner-take-alln/an/an/a1stn/ayes
North CarolinaMarch 15primary72proportionalnonen/an/aIndefinitely*noyes
OhioMarch 15primary66winner-take-allnonen/an/a--n/ayes
ArizonaMarch 22primary58winner-take-allnonen/an/a1stn/ayes
UtahMarch 22caucus40hybrid15%50%noIndefinitely*n/ayes
StateContest DateContest TypeNumber of DelegatesAllocation MethodQualifying Threshold1Winner-take-All Threshold2 Backdoor Winner-Take-All3 Number of Ballots Bound4 Winner's RoundingPooled Delegates
North DakotaApril 1-3caucus28unboundn/an/an/an/an/an/a
WisconsinApril 5primary42hybridn/an/an/aUntil released*n/ano
New YorkApril 19primary95hybrid20%50%yes1styesno
ConnecticutApril 26primary28hybrid20%50%*yes*1stnono
DelawareApril 26primary16winner-take-alln/an/an/a1stn/ayes
MarylandApril 26primary38hybridn/an/an/a2nd*n/ano
PennsylvaniaApril 26primary71hybrid*n/an/an/a1stn/ano
Rhode IslandApril 26primary19proportional10%noneyes1stn/ano
StateContest DateContest TypeNumber of DelegatesAllocation MethodQualifying Threshold1Winner-take-All Threshold2 Backdoor Winner-Take-All3 Number of Ballots Bound4 Winner's RoundingPooled Delegates
IndianaMay 3primary57hybridn/an/an/a1st*n/ano
NebraskaMay 10primary36winner-take-alln/an/an/a2nd*n/ayes
West VirginiaMay 10primary34hybridn/an/an/aUntil released*n/ano
OregonMay 17primary28proportional3.57%*nonenone2nd*noyes
WashingtonMay 24primary44proportional20%50%*yes*1stnono
StateContest DateContest TypeNumber of DelegatesAllocation MethodQualifying Threshold1Winner-take-All Threshold2 Backdoor Winner-Take-All3 Number of Ballots Bound4 Winner's RoundingPooled Delegates
CaliforniaJune 7primary172hybridn/an/an/a2ndn/ano
MontanaJune 7primary27winner-take-alln/an/an/a1stn/ayes
New JerseyJune 7primary51winner-take-alln/an/an/a1stn/ayes
New MexicoJune 7primary24proportional15%n/ayes1stnoyes
South DakotaJune 7primary29winner-take-alln/an/an/a1stn/ayes
1 Qualifying threshold: Some states require candidates receive a certain percentage of the vote either statewide or on the congressional district level to qualify for at-large (statewide) and/or congressional district delegates. By rule, that threshold can be no higher than 20%.
2 Winner-take-all threshold: In a number of states, there is, as allowed by the rules of the Republican Party, also a percentage of the vote that a candidate can hit statewide and/or on the congressional district level and be allocated all of the at-large  and/or congressional district delegates. That threshold can be set no lower than 50%, a simple majority.
3 Backdoor winner-take-all: Under the rules in some states, it is possible for a candidate to win all of the at-large and/or congressional district delegates if that candidate is the only one over the qualifying threshold. Such a backdoor route to a winner-take-all or winner-take-more allocation is prohibited in some states. 
Number of ballots bound: The RNC rules defer to the state parties the ability to bind delegates and the length of that binding. For the majority of states that point is after the first ballot. There is, however, some variation in this across states. Some extend it, while other states keep the delegates bound until released by the candidates to whom they are bound. 
Winner's rounding: There is also variation in rounding rules across states in the event of over- or under-allocated delegates. In a number of states, those rounding rules favor primary/caucus winners or those at the top of the order to the detriment of those candidates at the bottom of the order (just above the qualifying threshold). Other states have different rounding rules, based on the distance from the rounding threshold (typically .5).
Pooled delegates: Some states opt to pool and allocate all of their delegates as a block (with either proportionally or in a winner-take-all manner) while other states divide the allocation (again either proportional or winner-take-all) across both the statewide and congressional districts. This distinction is particularly relevant when it comes to either the winner-take-all threshold or the various backdoor winner-take-all scenarios that are possible. It means the difference between winning some larger fraction of delegates or all of them in some cases. 
For those wanting to read ahead, summary details on later states can be found in the RNC process book.

Cumulative delegate allocation by date:
Click image to enlarge

Click image to enlarge

2016 Republican delegate selection calendar


Anonymous said...

What a great page - thank you!

Anonymous said...

Absolutely, I was looking for something concise and not 50 pages long, thank you

SoonerPolitics.org said...

Josh, I have some further clarity on the Oklahoma Republican delegates being bound.
they stay with their assigned candidate as long as his name is on the ballot in front of them.
If they don't have the option to vote for him, they are a free agent.
this blog post contains the statute language and some other sourcing.

Anonymous said...

I second that sentiment. I wish I had found it sooner. Politics can sometimes be difficult to follow and this page sheds some light on the process. Thanks!!